Material can be defined as any substance out of a thing can be made. Material can be in any form whether in Raw material, Bio material and Composite material. Raw material is defined as the basic material used in the production of commodities, power, finished products or transitional materials that are themselves feedstock for finished products.
A biomaterial is any substance, surface, or assemble that interacts with natural systems Biomaterials can be derived either from natural or un-natural things in the laboratory using different variety of chemicals approaches. The Composite material are the materials made from two or more ingredient materials with having different physical or chemical properties, that are combined to produce a composite material. Composite materials are generally used for buildings, bridge and various structures such as ship hulls, swimming pool panels, race cars bodies, , bathtubs, storage space tanks and imitation granite.
Besides material description, the material scientist/engineer also deals with the removal of materials and their exchange into useful forms. Hence ingot casting, foundry techniques and blast furnace extraction are all part of the required knowledge of a materials engineer.
Material Science is a versatile field which deals with the designing of the new materials. It is a comparatively new technical field that involves studying materials through the materials paradigm. Whereas materials management deals with the campus planning and building design for the movement of materials. The effective materials management plans made from an enhanced and institutional master plan by wrapper in the gaps and create an environmentally responsible and efficient outcome. Many of the most vital scientific problems that are faced today are due to the limitations of the materials which leads to the result that breakthrough in this field are likely to have a significant impact on the future of technology.